The VLF is committed to open science. This involves making our research (including publications, data, methodology, instruments, and any other products) freely available and accessible as early as is practical. We encourage others working in the field to do the same.

We are making the PULS questionnaire available in advance of receiving survey data for transparency and to enable others to benefit from the extensive development work undertaken to date. Researchers are encouraged to use the questionnaire in full or in part. We ask that if the questionnaire or any component questions are used, the PULS is cited as detailed at the outset of this document.

PULS Annotated Questionnaire
Release Date
August 9, 2022
Nigel J. Balmer, Pascoe Pleasence, Hugh M. McDonald and Rebecca L. Sandefur